The Relationship between Diabetes and Obesity
Diabetes is a chronic disease that is caused by elevated sugar levels in our bloodstream; this is because the body is either producing no insulin or very less insulin. This results in excess production of glucose in the body. Diabetes is distributed in to three types; Type 1 is when body is producing no insulin, Type 2 is when body is producing very less insulin and Type 3 is diabetes is gestational. Diabetes is one of the most common problems with the hormone system of the body. Diabetes can also be hereditary, if one of the family members has it. Since 1999, diabetes has affected 16 million (six percent) of Americans which shows a 40 percent increase! However, there are other causes that are associated with this disease, one of which is obesity. We will be telling about the connection between diabetes and obesity and how obesity can actually increase the risk of diabetes.
Diabetes and Obesity
It is estimated that 150 million people are suffering from diabetes and 300 million people are suffering from obesity. The International Diabetes Foundation (IDF) says that, “Diabetes and obesity are the biggest public health challenge of the 21st century.” It was found that about 80 to 90 percent of the individuals who were diagnosed with type 2 diabetes also suffered from obesity.
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is a membrane that processes blood fats and also synthesizes proteins. When the body is in a state of over nutrition, this is when the body has more fats and calories than it can actually process; it puts a lot of stress on the ER, this causes the insulin receptors to stop reacting to the insulin. This whole process causes the level of insulin in the body to go down. In the case that an individual goes in to the state of over nutrition constantly, it could very well damage the insulin receptors. As a reaction to this process, the pancreas starts producing excess insulin, this helps for a limited amount of time after which the pancreas gets overworked and eventually stops or reduces production of insulin, which leads to diabetes.
Prevention Of Obesity and Diabetes
Most of us can recall the age- old saying that “Prevention is better than cure”. This quote applies to diabetes especially, this is because type 1 and type 2 diabetes are lifetime diseases and cannot be completely cured. Hence, what you need to do is maintain a healthy diet! It is important that any individual who is suffering from either obesity or diabetes to get involved in physical activities. Try to form a proper and healthy diet plan, avoid junk food or sweet food which you know are likely to be filled with unhealthy fats. According to the Obesity Society, “If you are overweight, even a small weight loss (five to 10 percent) can prevent diabetes - or prolong the chance that you will develop the disease - even if you fall into a high risk category”.
Moreover, you should take part in Cardio exercises daily and try to lose extra fat, make sure you include vegetables in your diet; this is because they help to fulfill the daily nutrient requirement and are mostly low on fats and calories.