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Tyramine Restricted Diet

Tyramine Restricted Diet

Tyramine restricted diet is a diet which is intended for use by those patients who are taking monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitors. This Diet’smain purpose is to prevent hypertensive crisis. The Tyramine Restricted Diet avoids the consumptions of those foods which contain large amounts of tyramine and other pressor amines. If you somehow fail to follow the Tyramine Restricted Diet plan, symptoms such as headaches, nausea, tachycardia or bradycardia shall rise.

Tyramine is present in many common foods. In the body, its scientific action is to raise the blood pressure; the enzymes present in many body tissues, however, neutralize this action. Drugs which help in the prevention of this neutralizing process, such as the monoamine oxidase inhibitors, allow the tyramine to re-enter the blood. This causes the blood pressure to rise.
A few facts about this Tyramine Restricted Diet:

  1. The tyramine content is different in every product and even in samples in different products. The portion of cheese closer to the rind has a much higher tyramine content than the portion farthest away.
  2. Be careful when eating out: It is better to choose plainer dishes rather than casseroles or dishes with sauces.
  3. Caffeine, which is a weak pressor agent, in excessive amounts could possibly produce symptoms which might not be related to tyramine content.
  4. Patients have been known to consume foods which have tyramine, on occasion without any adverse effect, but there is no guarantee that the same foods will not produce a severe reaction in the future. So one must be careful.

It is highly essential to keep foods fresh, because when the food starts to grow old, tyramine levels rise. When you have leftovers, you should consume them within 48 hours or it is better to throw them away. You can limit leftovers by cooking a certain amount of food you can eat each day. Check expiration dates while grocery shopping and also avoid consuming fermented, aged and unpasteurized drinks on a low tyramine containing foods list.

Allowed Foods

Seek help and advice with your doctors, they shall provide a detailed tyramine restricted diet plan and a list of safe foods divided into categories. For instance, in the dairy category, you can consume milk, cottage cheese, yogurt, ricotta and sour cream. In the protein list, you can eat fresh meats, fish and shellfish. Fresh fruits and vegetables are low in tyramine and can be eaten without any restriction but it is important to follow a safe tyramine containing foods list when preparing daily meals to avoid excess tyramine.

Prohibited Foods

Normally, all aged dairy products, such as Parmesan, romano and brie are to be avoided in this diet. Any meats that are aged or leftover for more than 48 hours should be avoided, including smoked ones, as well as fermented and fruits and vegetables which are over ripe.

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