A therapeutic diet is a diet which requires you to reduce or avoid having certain types of food or nutrient, add a certain type of food or nutrient, change the consistency of your food or change your pattern of eating. Modifications of normal diet used to improve specific health conditions. They may seem strange and even unpleasant to the patient, but they are helpful in curing many diseases. This therapeutic diet is normally prescribed by doctor and planned by dietician; do not follow it with any such consultation.
List of Therapeutic diets:
There are 15 different types of therapeutic diets. They are listed below:
- Diabetic – consistent carbohydrates
- Heart diets – low fat low salt
- Renal – low potassium
- Bowel health – high fiber
- Food intolerance – gluten, dairy
- Food allergy – peanut, soy, fish
- Malnutrition – high energy/high protein
- Wound management – high protein/energy
- Sodium restricted diet
- Bland diet
- Low residue diet
- Regular diet
- Liquid diet
- Soft diet
- Calorie controlled diet
The diabetic diet helps in figuring the deficiency or diminished effectiveness of insulin to maintain blood glucose in the normal range. The therapeutic diet then helps in examining the unrefined carbohydrates eaten. An excess leads to limiting the intake of food products rich carbohydrates.
Heart problems are normally caused by fat can cause blockages in arteries, which can lead to excessive weight. The heart diet helps in reducing saturated fats and limits the intake of excessive sugar. This therapeutic diet is used to cure cardiovascular diseases such as hypertension or congestive heart disease, kidney disease, and edema. One has to avoid or limit addition of salt to any food, smoked meats or fish, processed foods, pickles, sauerkraut, olives, and processed cheeses.
The high fiber diet helps the body in curing constipation related problems by increasing fiber in the diet. It is advised to consume a lot of fluids in this diet.
A regular diet is a diet which is usually used for ambulatory patients. It has less caloric content in it and most fried foods and rich desserts are to be avoided in this diet.
A soft diet is similar to regular diet but foods must require little chewing and be easy to digest. It is said that one should avoid meat and shellfish with tough connective tissue, coarse cereals, spicy foods, rich desserts, fried foods, raw fruits and veggies, nuts, and coconuts.
The high protein diet is all about children and adolescents who need additional growth, pregnant or lactating women, before and/or after surgery, suffering from burns, fevers, or infections. One can follow a regular diet with added protein rich foods such as meats, fish, milk, cheese, and eggs.
There are many drawbacks to the therapeutic diet plan. It can cause:
- A patient’s appetite may be affected by this reduced or loss of appetite, weakness, illness, loneliness, self-pity and other factors.
One can use patience and tact to convince patient to eat food and understand purpose of therapeutic diet and provide simple explanations to patient. A therapeutic diet is not supposed to make one person ill.